Criminals and insurgents the role of ethnicity in state responses to internal resource competitors

dc.contributor.advisorPiombo, Jessica
dc.contributor.advisorMalley, Michael
dc.contributor.authorNovack, Edward W.
dc.contributor.corporateNaval Postgraduate School (U.S.)
dc.date.accessioned2012-03-14T17:38:17Z
dc.date.available2012-03-14T17:38:17Z
dc.date.issued2007-06
dc.description.abstractA government facing an ethnicity based insurgency competing with it for natural resources faces different threats based upon the level of ethnic homogeneity of the insurgent elements. Where a mono-ethnic insurgent threat develops, the government faces a potential separatist movement seeking secession from the country as a means to address its grievances. The government will have no option other than counterinsurgency to manage this threat. Where a multi-ethnic insurgent threat develops, the threat of separatism may be thwarted due to the disparate nature of the insurgent elements and the tendency of these groups to compete with each other. In this scenario, the government has the ability to "criminalize" the insurgents, thereby enabling the government to justify safeguarding its resources while taking minimal steps to resolve the grievances of the communities. An examination of the approaches taken by Indonesia and Nigeria in addressing their insurgencies in Aceh and the Niger Delta respectively is illustrative of the advantages and drawbacks of these approaches. In the end it is shown that counterinsurgency is more difficult though decisive, while criminalization ultimately risks the creation of a new ethnic identity born of economic hardship, around which an ethnic nationalist movement might vie for secession.en_US
dc.description.distributionstatementApproved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
dc.description.recognitionOutstanding Thesisen_US
dc.description.serviceUS Marine Corps (USMC) author.en_US
dc.description.urihttp://archive.org/details/criminalsndinsur109453402
dc.format.extentxii, 115 p. : ill. ;en_US
dc.identifier.oclc162131536
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/10945/3402
dc.publisherMonterey, California. Naval Postgraduate Schoolen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesNPS Outstanding Theses and Dissertations
dc.rightsThis publication is a work of the U.S. Government as defined
in Title 17, United States Code, Section 101. As such, it is in the
public domain, and under the provisions of Title 17, United States
Code, Section 105, is not copyrighted in the U.S.en_US
dc.subject.lcshInsurgencyen_US
dc.titleCriminals and insurgents the role of ethnicity in state responses to internal resource competitorsen_US
dc.typeThesisen_US
dspace.entity.typePublication
etd.thesisdegree.disciplineNational Security Affairsen_US
etd.thesisdegree.grantorNaval Postgraduate Schoolen_US
etd.thesisdegree.levelMastersen_US
etd.thesisdegree.nameM.A.en_US
etd.verifiednoen_US
relation.isSeriesOfPublicationc5e66392-520c-4aaf-9b4f-370ce82b601f
relation.isSeriesOfPublication.latestForDiscoveryc5e66392-520c-4aaf-9b4f-370ce82b601f
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