Publication:
ROBUST CIVIL-MILITARY RELATIONS—ONE OF THE MOST POWERFUL TOOLS TO COUNTERACT RUSSIAN HYBRID WARFARE: THE CASE OF UKRAINE

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Authors
Popov, Viacheslav
Subjects
Ukraine
Donbas
Crimea
civil-military relations
civil-military cooperation
hybrid warfare
propaganda
Russian Federation
Russia
Kremlin
terrorism
cyber attacks
CIMIC
NATO
EU
Ukraine crisis
annexation of Crimea
military aggression
Russo-Ukraine conflict
Advisors
Abenheim, Donald
Hartmann, Uwe
Date of Issue
2019-03
Date
Publisher
Monterey, CA; Naval Postgraduate School
Language
Abstract
Currently, we are living in the time of hybrid wars. States use both conventional and unconventional methods of warfare simultaneously. This thesis presents three key findings: a framework for building and retaining robust democratic civil-military relations in times of hybrid warfare; a description of the crucial role of civil-military cooperation in this framework; and an examination of Ukraine’s response, which implements this framework, to the Russian Federation’s hybrid warfare since 2014. The most effective elements of Ukraine’s response are analyzed in detail, including military, economic, humanitarian, political, informational, cyber, diplomatic, and special/law enforcement services activities and methods. Policy recommendations are made for Ukraine, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), the European Union (EU), and global security in countering Russian hybrid warfare; Ukraine should continue to increase its defense potential and raise the quality of life for its citizens; develop the Ukrainian economy and national identity; and continue pursuing lawsuits against Russia in international courts. Additionally, NATO and the EU should extend and expand sanctions against Russia, increase resilience, and intensify cooperation in the information, energy, and cybersecurity areas. Beyond providing guidance for Ukraine, the determinations can also assist other nation-states facing similar challenges in countering adversaries’ “help” while maintaining sovereignty.
Type
Thesis
Description
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Department
National Security Affairs (NSA)
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Distribution Statement
Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
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Copyright is reserved by the copyright owner.
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