Publication:
IOT IN CRISIS MANAGEMENT

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Authors
Chin, Thomas M.
Subjects
internet of things
IoT
crisis management
emergency management
information and communication technology
signals intelligence
situational awareness
Advisors
Dahl, Erik J.
McGuire, Mollie R.
Date of Issue
2023-06
Date
Publisher
Monterey, CA; Naval Postgraduate School
Language
Abstract
Emergency management agencies are responsible for developing processes to maintain situational awareness in emergency operations centers (EOCs) to prepare for and respond to disasters. Implementing internet of things (IoT) technologies can revolutionize emergency management and response by providing real-time data, improving communication and coordination, and leading to more efficient and effective emergency responses. IoT can provide signals intelligence to inform situational awareness in EOCs, provided the organization prepares for and uses the technology intentionally and integrates systems from daily processes. Through case studies on smart and novel cities, this thesis evaluates the possibility of using emerging IoT technologies in a crisis to guide local emergency management agencies in predicting emerging threats and maintaining situational awareness and demonstrates how IoT systems used for daily processes can generate signals intelligence. This thesis asserts that cities can use IoT systems to set baseline data readings and machine learning to detect anomalies within the community. Looking ahead, Songdo, South Korea, and NEOM in Saudi Arabia provide examples of how new cities can build a smart foundation around technology while engaging with anticipated residents to meet their needs. This research concludes that as IoT technology evolves, emergency managers must adapt and utilize these advancements to enhance operations and protect communities.
Type
Thesis
Description
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Department
National Security Affairs (CHDS)
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Copyright is reserved by the copyright owner.
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This publication is a work of the U.S. Government as defined in Title 17, United States Code, Section 101. Copyright protection is not available for this work in the United States.
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