Publication:
Colombia's economic recession : the impact of guerrilla violence, illicit drug trafficking, and the 1991 constitution

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Authors
Acosta Bernal, Pedro Alonzo.
Subjects
Colombia
Guerrilla
Drugs
991-Constitution
Economy
Crisis
Damage
Recession
Advisors
Trinkunas, Harold
Date of Issue
2001-12
Date
Publisher
Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Language
Abstract
Colombia has tolerated for almost fifty years the oldest guerrilla movements in the region, but at the same Colombia has tolerated for almost fifty years the oldest guerrilla movements in the region, but at the same puzzle is to establish which of the following variables; guerrilla violence, illicit drug trafficking, or the 1991 Constitution, have most affected economic stability in the last half of 1990s. The thesis will argue: (1) Guerrilla violence is the most important variable that impacts Colombia's economy, causing severe internal and external migration. Kidnapping, extortion, and infrastructure attacks represent the loss of million of dollars in economic damages. (2) The illicit drug trafficking is the second most important variable that has affected Colombia's economy, causing an economic domestic boom during the period of the Cali and Medellin drug-cartels, infiltrating the economy with money laundering and fictitious business. (3) The 1991 Constitution established many new economic responsibilities at the state level, which aggravated the state fiscal crisis. The separation of taxation and spending among different levels of government has fueled severe problems of fiscal imbalance, because the bulk of tax revenues is collected by the Central Government but spent at municipal levels.
Type
Thesis
Description
Series/Report No
Department
National Security Affairs
Organization
Naval Postgraduate School (U.S.)
Identifiers
NPS Report Number
Sponsors
Funder
Format
xviii, 95 p. : ill. ;
Citation
Distribution Statement
Rights
This publication is a work of the U.S. Government as defined in Title 17, United States Code, Section 101. Copyright protection is not available for this work in the United States.
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