Publication:
BRITAIN’S WITHDRAWAL FROM THE EUROPEAN UNION: SECURITY AND DEFENSE IMPLICATIONS FOR THE UNITED KINGDOM

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Authors
Hansen, Brian
Subjects
European Union
EU
NATO
referendum
Brexit
defense
UK. security
Advisors
Halladay, Carolyn C.
Date of Issue
2020-12
Date
Publisher
Monterey, CA; Naval Postgraduate School
Language
Abstract
In a historic decision on 23 June 2016, a majority of those voting in a referendum as to whether the United Kingdom should remain in the European Union (EU) or leave chose withdrawal. The process of British withdrawal from the EU, popularly known as Brexit, has defense and security ramifications. While Brexit has not changed the composition or activities of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), the EU-specific collective security and defense institutions face significant changes, largely unstudied, when Britain becomes a “third country” vis-à-vis the EU. This thesis analyzes alternative options for the post-Brexit EU-UK security and defense relationship. After assessing several models, it concludes that the most advantageous option for the UK is to establish bilateral, trilateral, or multilateral relations with privileged EU member states while also supporting close and extensive EU-NATO cooperation.
Type
Thesis
Description
Series/Report No
Department
National Security Affairs (NSA)
Organization
Identifiers
NPS Report Number
Sponsors
Funder
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Citation
Distribution Statement
Approved for public release. distribution is unlimited
Rights
This publication is a work of the U.S. Government as defined in Title 17, United States Code, Section 101. Copyright protection is not available for this work in the United States.
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