Publication:
The influence of Islam in the military: comparative study of Malaysia, Indonesia and Pakistan

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Authors
Khairan, Ab Razak bin Mohd
Subjects
Military
Military institution
Islamization
Civil-military relations
Malaysia
Indonesia
Pakistan
Civilian control
Advisors
Christoffersen, Gaye
Nasr, Seyyed Vali Reza
Date of Issue
2004-03
Date
March 2004
Publisher
Monterey California. Naval Postgraduate School
Language
Abstract
Islam permeated throughout the military institutions of Malaysia, Pakistan and Indonesia and replaced the Western and foreign military cultures the military had inherited due to society becoming Islamized following the revival of Islam. The implementation of true Islamic model practices and values differ slightly from country to country depending first on the level of piousness of its existing military personnel, new personnel input and the military leadership. The second factor is the degree of motivational drive of the head of state in encouraging Islam. Islamized military institutions are also faced with the challenges created as a result of sects and schools that emerge in the form of Islamic parties and extremist groups. The argument will be that Islamic teachings in military affairs can result in peace, solidarity and solve the Civil-Military Relations (CMR) problems. In the final analysis, guided moderate Islamic influence' bring harmony to CMR in Malaysia, while the uncoordinated influence of Islam in the Indonesian military made the CMR problematic. It is different in Pakistan because the strong influence of Islam has encouraged the generals to wrest political power from civilians.
Type
Thesis
Description
Series/Report No
Department
Department of National Security Affairs
Other Units
Naval Postgraduate School (U.S.).
Identifiers
NPS Report Number
Sponsors
Funder
Format
xiv, 121 p.
Citation
Distribution Statement
Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
Rights
Copyright reserved by the copyright owner
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