Publication:
Special Operations Forces, Information Operations, and Airpower: prescription for the 21st Century

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Authors
Sands, Thomas R.
Issler, Paul H.
Subjects
Information operations
Special operations
Special operations forces (SOF)
Airpower
Advisors
Arquilla, John
Date of Issue
1998-12-01
Date
December 1998
Publisher
Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Language
en_US
Abstract
The Gulf War of 1990-1991 has been described as the pinnacle of second-wave warfare, characterized by massed field armies, maneuver formations based on the armored vehicle and airplane, second generation precision guided munitions (PGMs), and engagements involving thousands of soldiers, sailors, airmen, and marines. At the height of the conflict, over 500,000 United States (U.S.) servicemen were deployed in support of Operations DESERT SHIELD/DESERT STORM. The ensuing victory by U.S./Coalition forces and loss by Iraqi forces is one of the greatest lopsided outcomes in the history of warfare. Unfortunately, the demonstrated U.S. preeminence in conventional second-wave warfare may spell trouble for the 21st century. Potential adversaries will have taken note of our capabilities in this arena and will endeavor to develop methods and technologies that will negate our strengths either through asymmetric attack, innovation, or both. These actions will give rise to asymmetric warfare as the dominant paradigm. Combined application of special operations forces (SOF), information operations (IO), and airpower (AP) may produce synergistic effects that will permit smaller forces to effectively and efficiently counter our adversaries adopting asymmetric warfare. We employ a heuristic approach in conveying our vision of combined SOF, IO, and AP operations.
Type
Thesis
Description
Series/Report No
Department
Special Operations Curriculum Committee
Organization
Naval Postgraduate School
Identifiers
NPS Report Number
Sponsors
Funder
Format
xv, 117 p.
Citation
Distribution Statement
Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
Rights
This publication is a work of the U.S. Government as defined in Title 17, United States Code, Section 101. Copyright protection is not available for this work in the United States.
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