Publication:
The Export Administration Act of 1979 and computer exports to China

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Authors
Perez, Elizabeth D.
Subjects
Exports
Export Administration Act of 1979
Export Administration Act
export controls
technology transfer
nonproliferation
competitiveness
multilateral export control regimes
People's Republic of China
high-performance computers
computers
Advisors
Doyle, Richard B.
Lewis, Ira A.
Date of Issue
2002-12
Date
Publisher
Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Language
Abstract
The importance of computers to the US military and national defense is significant and multifaceted. The statute that regulates computer exports, the Export Administration Act of 1979 (EAA79), has been interpreted both strictly and loosely by policymakers, executive agencies, and export control regimes. The result has been a persistent struggle in balancing the competing interests of national security and commerce. An urgent need exists to rewrite EAA79, yet Congress has not been able to come to a consensus due to overlapping and conflicting committee interests within and across the chambers. While Congress continues to debate rewriting EAA79, the President has been able to adjust the impact of US export control laws on foreign countries, utilizing export controls as means of advancing US foreign policy abroad. In the case of the People's Republic of China, the White House has loosened export controls for high-performance computers to that country in order to encourage free trade and private enterprise.
Type
Thesis
Description
Series/Report No
Department
Graduate School of Business and Public Policy (GSBPP)
Organization
Identifiers
NPS Report Number
Sponsors
Funder
Format
xvi, 113p. : ill. ;
Citation
Distribution Statement
Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
Rights
This publication is a work of the U.S. Government as defined in Title 17, United States Code, Section 101. Copyright protection is not available for this work in the United States.
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