Publication:
INSTITUTIONALIZING RESILIENCE: CATASTROPHIC POWER OUTAGE PLANNING FOR CORRECTIONAL INSTITUTIONS

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Authors
Kohler, Shena J.
Subjects
power outage
corrections
resilience
emergency management
critical infrastructure
jail
prison
high-reliability
disaster
emergency plans
preoccupation with failure
communication
whole-community
Bureau of Prisons
leadership
sensitivity to operations
reluctance to simplify
defer to experts
institutions
Metropolitan Brooklyn Detention Center
Orleans Parish Prison
heat
evacuation
shelter
training
staff
stakeholders
partnerships
resources
Advisors
Matei, Cristiana
Date of Issue
2022-03
Date
Publisher
Monterey, CA; Naval Postgraduate School
Language
Abstract
The Federal Emergency Management Agency has invested several years of planning into preparations for long-term power outages in the United States. However, planning for correctional institutions has been missing from most power-outage plans. Therefore, individual jails and prison systems are responsible for building resilient organizations from within. It is unlikely that the United States will require correctional institutions to comply with guidance for federal emergency planning mandates. This thesis focuses on the effects of emergencies in correctional institutions that experienced extended power outages. The research analyzed the emergency planning and response efforts of two significant events and evaluated the impacts on the staff, inmates, and other stakeholders. This thesis found that a failure to prioritize emergency planning in these correctional institutions was the catalyst to poor responses with adverse consequences. Systemic failures in planning for emergencies created the greatest challenges for the institutions. This thesis supports the idea that correctional institutions should consider implementing the behaviors of high-reliability organizations to build resilient institutions in advance of future emergencies. Using the framework that guides high-reliability organizations, correctional institutions should focus on planning for disasters and mitigating failures to improve their response to the most catastrophic of disasters.
Type
Thesis
Description
Series/Report No
Department
National Security Affairs (CHDS)
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NPS Report Number
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Distribution Statement
Approved for public release. Distribution is unlimited.
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Copyright is reserved by the copyright owner.
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