ARMY OF LIES: ETHICAL CONSIDERATIONS OF DECEIVING CIVILIANS IN WAR

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Authors
Rogers, Matthew
Subjects
ethics
military deception
lying
civilians
doctrine of double effect
just war theory
non-combatant immunity
utilitarianism
deontology
Syria
ISIS
Islamic State of Iraq and Syria
Advisors
Naficy, Siamak T.
Date of Issue
2020-12
Date
Publisher
Monterey, CA; Naval Postgraduate School
Language
Abstract
This thesis explores the ethical permissibility of deceiving civilians during military operations, primarily military deception operations. It examines this issue using both consequential and non-consequential frameworks and explores how the potential ethics of deceiving civilians interacts with current just war theory, the doctrine of double effect, and non-combatant immunity. These common ethical frameworks are used to develop a method for evaluating the ethical considerations of deceiving civilians in war. This method is then applied to a case study involving deception of civilians in Syria. Weighing those considerations in a real-world scenario provides information on how these types of deceptions measure up morally both in theory and practice. Ultimately, a recommendation on the probable morality of any future deception of civilians is determined.
Type
Thesis
Description
Series/Report No
Department
Defense Analysis (DA)
Organization
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NPS Report Number
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Funder
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Citation
Distribution Statement
Approved for public release. distribution is unlimited
Rights
This publication is a work of the U.S. Government as defined in Title 17, United States Code, Section 101. Copyright protection is not available for this work in the United States.
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