Publication:
Range-dependent passive source localization using data from the Barents Sea tomography experiment

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Authors
Pierce, David D.
Subjects
Matched-field processing
Source localization
Advisors
Chiu, Ching-Sang
Therrien, Charles W.
Atchley, Anthony A.
Baker, Steven R.
Miller, James H.
Date of Issue
1996-06
Date
June 1996
Publisher
Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Language
en_US
Abstract
Matched-Field Processing (MFP) and Matched-Mode Processing (MMP) are two popular techniques for passively localizing an underwater acoustic emitter in range and depth. One major drawback of these techniques has been their sensitivity to uncertainty concerning the acoustic environment. Several methods for addressing this phenomenon have been proposed in the literature, with varying degrees of success. Achieving high-quality location estimates remains a problem except in simple range-independent experiments or numerical simulations. In this study, we demonstrate an approach for robust, accurate emitter localization in a highly range-dependent real environment using MMP. The main factors contributing to successful localization are: 1) use of the high-resolution Multiple Signal Classification (MUSIC) algorithm, which performs well even when only a few robust modes can be obtained by mode filtering; and 2) use of an acoustic propagation model incorporating mode coupling, which is able to generate accurate replica fields in a strongly range-dependent environment. A secondary objective of the study was to demonstrate the application of higher-order statistical estimation techniques to reduce noise effects. Our results indicate that these techniques show unacceptable sensitivity to noise- and model-induced estimation errors and require further refinement before they will be useful in the underwater acoustic localization problem.
Type
Thesis
Description
Series/Report No
Department
Oceanography
Electrical and Computer Engineering
Organization
Naval Postgraduate School
Identifiers
NPS Report Number
Sponsors
Funder
Format
84 p.
Citation
Distribution Statement
Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
Rights
This publication is a work of the U.S. Government as defined in Title 17, United States Code, Section 101. Copyright protection is not available for this work in the United States.
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