Publication:
Objective identification of environmental patterns related to tropical cyclone track forecast errors

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Authors
Sanabia, Elizabeth R.
Subjects
Advisors
Harr, Patrick A.
Elsberry, Russell L.
Date of Issue
2006-09
Date
Publisher
Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
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Abstract
The increase in skill of numerical model guidance and the use of consensus forecast techniques have led to significant improvements in the accuracy of tropical cyclone track forecasts at ranges beyond 72 h. Identification of instances when the forecast track from an individual numerical model may be in error could lead to additional improvement in the accuracy of tropical cyclone track forecasts. An objective methodology is tested to characterize the spread among the three primary global numerical model forecast tracks used as guidance by the Joint Typhoon Warning Center. Statistically-significant principal components derived from empirical orthogonal functions of mid-tropospheric height and vorticity forecast fields identify cases of large spread among model forecasts. Cases in which the three-model average forecast track resulted in a large error were characterized by a distribution of principal components such that one component was significantly different from the other two. Removal of the forecast track associated with the outlying principal component resulted in a reduced forecast error. Therefore, the objective methodology may be utilized to define a selective consensus by removing forecast tracks from consideration based on the projection of forecast fields onto empirical orthogonal functions and inspecting the distribution of the resulting principal components.
Type
Thesis
Description
Series/Report No
Department
Meteorology
Organization
Naval Postgraduate School (U.S.).
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Format
xiv, 45 p. : some ill., maps ;
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Distribution Statement
Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
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