Publication:
An analysis of a dust storm impacting Operation Iraqi Freedom, 25-27 March 2003

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Authors
Anderson, John W.
Subjects
Operation IRAQI FREEDOM
Southwest Asia
Iraq
Middle East
Case Study
Analysis
Dust Storm
Sand Storm
Shamal
Synoptic Cold Front
Extra-tropical Cyclone
Numerical Weather Prediction Models
NOGAPS
COAMPS
GFS
Advisors
Wash, Carlyle H.
Date of Issue
2004-12
Date
Publisher
Monterey California. Naval Postgraduate School
Language
Abstract
On day five of combat operations during Operation IRAQI FREEDOM, advances by coalition forces were nearly halted by a dust storm, initiated by the passage of a synoptically driven cold front. This storm impacted ground and air operations across the entire Area of Responsibility, and delayed an impending ground attack on the Iraqi capital. Military meteorologists were able to assist military planners in mitigating at least some of the effects of this storm. This thesis examines the synoptic conditions leading to the severe dust storm, evaluates the numerical weather prediction model performance in predicting the event, and reviews metrics pertaining to the overall impacts on the Operation IRAQI FREEDOM combined air campaign. In general, the numerical model guidance correctly predicted the location and onset of the dust storms on 25 March, 2003. As a result of this forecast guidance, mission planners were able to front load Air Tasking Orders with extra sorties prior to the onset of the dust storm, and were able to make changes to planned weapons loads, favoring GPS-guided munitions.
Type
Thesis
Description
Series/Report No
Department
Meteorology
Other Units
Naval Postgraduate School (U.S.).
Identifiers
NPS Report Number
Sponsors
Funder
Format
xviii, 103 p. : col. maps ;
Citation
Distribution Statement
Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
Rights
This publication is a work of the U.S. Government as defined in Title 17, United States Code, Section 101. Copyright protection is not available for this work in the United States.
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