Publication:
5G for Field Expedient C2 Centers

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Authors
Kragh, Frank E.
Roth, John B.
Miller, Donna L.
Subjects
5G NR
fifth generation cellular - new radio
antenna arrays
beamforming
cellular telephony
EMCON
emissions control
mobile telephony
radio communications
tactical operations centers
wireless communications
Advisors
Date of Issue
2021
Date
2021
Publisher
Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School
Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School.
Language
en_US
Abstract
A current killer application of 5G networks is the so-called industrial internet of things (IIOT). In such a paradigm an industrial center is run where various sensors and actuators are controlled and connected via the new radio (NR) paradigm. NR makes such a scenario possible due to its ability to handle ultra-low latency (ULL) communications for time-sensitive C2 and provide enhanced data rates. Also, due to the propagation characteristics of mmWaves, an entity can maintain a private 5G network separate from the one offered outside of the walls of the factory. In other words, because mmWaves will not readily propagate through windows or walls, the factory network can exist separate from the exterior 5G network. We note that an IIOT closely resembles a field-expedient C2 center, which could leverage the aforementioned benefits albeit to a different end. For example, ULL applications could enable centralized control of autonomous vehicles and enhanced data rates could facilitate the increased situational awareness of commanders. Additionally, mmWaves could help minimize the electromagnetic signature of such a center. Finally, it is reasonable to assume that a field expedient C2 center may also be required to quickly change physical location, something not considered in an IIOT scenario. However, we believe that a 5G approach to connectivity may facilitate the mobility of a C2 center. For instance, consider a C2 center that links various terminals via physical wires. The deconstruction and reconstitution of such an architecture is a slow process, prone to error, and requires significant manpower. In contrast, a self-organizing 5G network would increase C2 center mobility by orders of magnitude. 
Type
Presentation
Description
NPS NRP Project Presentation
Department
Electrical and Computer Engineering
Organization
Naval Research Program (NRP)
Identifiers
NPS Report Number
Sponsors
HQMC Deputy Commandant Information (DCI)
Funder
This research is supported by funding from the Naval Postgraduate School, Naval Research Program (PE 0605853N/2098). https://nps.edu/nrp
Chief of Naval Operations (CNO)
Format
Citation
Distribution Statement
Approved for public release. Distribution is unlimited. 
Rights
This publication is a work of the U.S. Government as defined in Title 17, United States Code, Section 101. Copyright protection is not available for this work in the United States.
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