Publication:
Adaptive COIN in Sri Lanka: What Contributed to the Demise of the LTTE?

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Authors
Chandradasa, Eranda Malaka
Subjects
Sri Lanka
Tamil Tigers
Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE)
adaptive counterinsurgency
COIN
South Asia
Eelam War
Advisors
Borer, Douglas
Date of Issue
2012-06
Date
12-Jun
Publisher
Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Language
Abstract
The Government of Sri Lanka declared victory over the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) in 2009, putting an end to a conflict of thirty years. The sudden demise of the LTTE, one of the most ruthless yet successful insurgent organizations, is worth understanding. This thesis attempts to do this by exploring the internal political dynamics, external influence on the conflict, and the Sri Lankan militarys adaptations in order to determine what contributed to the demise of the LTTE. This thesis will argue that one of the most critical aspects of success for the government and its military was learning from adversity and the LTTE and adapting the political and military organizations of Sri Lanka. By becoming fast-adapting organizations, both the government as a whole and the military, in particular, managed to conduct a successful counterinsurgency campaign that eventually ended the LTTE and eliminated its leadership.
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Thesis
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Defense Analysis (DA)
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