Three Theories of Religious Activism and Violence: Social Movements, Fundamentalists, and Apocalyptic Warriors

dc.contributor.authorGregg, Heather Selma
dc.contributor.corporateNaval Postgraduate School (U.S.)en_US
dc.contributor.departmentDefense Analysis (DA)en_US
dc.date2016
dc.date.accessioned2016-07-14T15:30:11Z
dc.date.available2016-07-14T15:30:11Z
dc.date.issued2016
dc.descriptionThe article of record as published may be found at http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09546553.2014.918879en_US
dc.description.abstractNumerous scholars have investigated religiously motivated violence, particularly in the wake of September 11, including discussions on the role of modernity in triggering religious violence, the increasing presence of religion in politics, the violence-prone nature of certain religions, and religion’s correlation with ethnicity and other conflict-intensifying variables. However, religious activism and violence are not new phenomena. Few theories have been advanced that move across time and space and, broadly, seek to explain the conditions under which religion becomes involved in activism and violence. This article argues that three broad causal arguments for religious activism—social movements, fundamentalism, and apocalyptic warriors—help explain the conditions under which religiously motivated violence occurs across time and space. These three causal arguments offer a spectrum of goals within religious activism, ranging from challenging social practices and government policies, to defending specific interpretations and practices of the faith, to hastening the apocalypse. Furthermore, each of these theories proposes different ways that religion becomes involved in social, political, and religious activism and the conditions under which groups use violence to further their goals. The article concludes by suggesting countermeasures for each type of religious activism.en_US
dc.format.extent23 p.en_US
dc.identifier.citationTerrorism and Political Violence, 28:338–360, 2016en_US
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/10945/49169
dc.publisherTaylor & Francis Group, LLCen_US
dc.rightsThis publication is a work of the U.S. Government as defined in Title 17, United States Code, Section 101. Copyright protection is not available for this work in the United States.en_US
dc.subject.authorapocalypseen_US
dc.subject.authorfundamentalismen_US
dc.subject.authorreligionen_US
dc.subject.authorsocial movementsen_US
dc.subject.authorterrorismen_US
dc.subject.authorviolenceen_US
dc.titleThree Theories of Religious Activism and Violence: Social Movements, Fundamentalists, and Apocalyptic Warriorsen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dspace.entity.typePublication
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