Homeland Security Affairs (Journal)

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Now showing 1 - 10 of 249
  • Publication
    Wearables: Useful Sentinels of Our Health?
    (Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School, 2020-12) Austin, Matthew S.; Center for Homeland Defense and Security (CHDS)
    As U.S. Coast Guard units develop strategies and policies aimed at safely reconstituting forces in the next phase of the COVID-19 pandemic, the ability to identify and isolate personnel who may be infected as early as possible is critical to protecting the organization’s most critical resource. Existing wearable technologies provide…CONTINUE READING
  • Publication
    Preventing the Next 9/10: The Homeland Security Challenges of Technological Evolution and Convergence in the Next Ten Years
    (Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School, 2011-09) Nieto-Gomez, Rodrigo; Center for Homeland Defense and Security (CHDS)
    From the journal's abstract for this article: "Rodrigo Nieto-G'_mez looks at the innovation process that drives the technology sector and how the convergence of technology made 9/11 possible. He also explores the difficulties that technology convergence poses for homeland security professionals. 'This retrospective distortion creates a security ecosystem where homeland security practitioners feel pressured to try to "connect the dots" every time, instead of adapting to an environment of emerging patterns and mutating dots that cannot be connected.'"
  • Publication
    Pandemic Vaccine Distribution Policy for the Twenty-First Century
    (Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School, 2012-02-01) Russo, Tom; Center for Homeland Defense and Security (CHDS)
    "Over this past decade, Congress has responded to the growing threat of bioterrorism and risks to US national security with increased funding for biosecurity and public health preparedness. This has included investment in domestic vaccine manufacturing capacity by the United States government. As a result, a policy of vaccine production self-sufficiency has emerged that should cause policy makers to pause and ask: '''what is the next step?'۪ In the near future, this policy may create a surge of efficient vaccine production that current emergency distribution models are ill equipped to manage. This article presents the results of a research project aimed at developing a model that could serve as a strategy for pandemic vaccine distribution. It argues that as the nation readied for its first pandemic in forty years, it benefited from investments in preparedness but still found itself unprepared for the 2009 H1N1 Pandemic vaccination campaign."
  • Publication
    Use of Analytic Tools and Techniques in the Homeland Security Classroom
    (Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School, 2012-02-25) Heuer, Richards J. Jr.; Pherson, Randolph; Beebe, Sarah M.; Center for Homeland Defense and Security (CHDS)
    This presentation is from track three of the 4th Annual Homeland Defense and Security Education Summit held on February 24 and 25, 2010 in Washington D.C. This presentation discusses the following topics: "1. Five Classic Analytic Traps 2. Key Analytic Techniques 3. DC Sniper Case 4. How Can We Help You?"
  • Publication
    Paramilitary Terrorism: A Neglected Threat
    (Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School, 2008-06-00) Tallen, Bill; Center for Homeland Defense and Security (CHDS)
    This is an article from the June 2008 [v.4 no.2] edition of the Homeland Security Affairs Journal. This article talks about the need for the homeland security community to provide more attention to the threat of paramilitary terrorism. In this report, the author makes the comparison between the threat of WMD terrorism and paramilitary terrorism. Moreover, he makes the argument that the threat of WMD terrorism has led logically to a heavy emphasis on prevention by the intelligence and law enforcement communities. But in the event that prevention fails, WMD terrorism scenarios leave little scope for intervention, as the execution phase would likely be brief and spectacular. For this reason, policy efforts and the allocation of resources have focused heavily upon consequence management and forensics. This tendency is further reinforced by America's recent experience of natural and man-made catastrophes [e.g. Hurricane Katrina and the California fires of 2007], and the structures and processes of consequence management address both terror and non-terror scenarios. The fixation of official attention and resources upon WMD terrorism, and upon consequence management more generally, has left America ill-prepared to respond quickly and effectively to a terrorist paramilitary attack, which may be far more likely than an apocalyptic WMD scenario. Measures should be taken to narrow this gap in preparedness before it can be exploited by our intelligent, opportunistic enemies. Furthermore, the author recommends that standing, regionally-based, swiftly responding federal forces with a streamlined command and control structure [...], along with a reorientation of homeland security guidance, training, and exercises to include response to threats of this nature.
  • Publication
    Domestic Intelligence Agency for the United States? A Comparative Analysis of Domestic Intelligence Agencies and Their Implications for Homeland Security
    (Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School, 2007-06-01) Burch, James; Center for Homeland Defense and Security (CHDS)
    The intelligence community has attempted to refocus to track terrorists that use unconventional means a more complex task. This complexity is compounded by terrorist disregard for borders, laws, and transnational financing. As a result, the U.S. has attempted to change its concept of domestic intelligence through enactment of legislation and other initiatives. There is uncertainty whether these initiatives have resulted in better intelligence. The challenge for developing domestic intelligence capabilities centers on establishing them within a larger framework, to ensure information sharing and to implement oversight mechanisms to protect civil liberty. Organizational mechanisms, information sharing, and oversight are the critical components. An alternative is to create a domestic intelligence agency. This article examines the issues of instituting such an agency. It assesses the intelligence organizations of countries that possess democratic institutions ''' the United Kingdom, Australia, and India. This examination will determine whether U.S. intelligence reforms are targeting intelligence shortfalls. It will also determine whether the establishment of a domestic intelligence agency is viable for meeting the asymmetric threats of the 21st Century.
  • Publication
    National Disaster Medical System's Reliance on Civilian-Based Medical Response Teams in a Pandemic is Unsound
    (Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School, 2007-06-01) Delaney, John B.; Center for Homeland Defense and Security (CHDS)
    The world is threatened with a pandemic, an event considered to be the greatest public health risk, with the potential to kill as many as forty to fifty million people, sicken hundreds of millions, and significantly impact the global economy. Countries and health organizations throughout the world are monitoring the threat and developing strategic plans and systems to prepare for the inevitable and possibly imminent event of a pandemic. The United States has made it a national priority to develop strategic plans to coordinate preparedness and response efforts at the federal, state, and local levels. A relatively small but critical aspect within these plans calls for the utilization of the National Disaster Medical System's civilian-based medical teams, to assist state and local governments in the event of a pandemic. Generally, past deployments of these federal assets have had positive results; however, the reliance on these civilian-based medical teams for response in a pandemic is unsound. The medical professionals, who primarily comprise the team, may be reluctant to participate in a pandemic due to the increased health risks to themselves and their families. Moreover, the hospitals and medical systems that employ these civilian responders may be unwilling or unable to allow their participation in the federal response system. The federal government should reconsider its reliance on this civilian-based resource in the event of a pandemic, and focus instead on enhancing existing state and local public health and medical capabilities and resources.
  • Publication
    Stanley Supinski reflects on the impact of Chris Bellavita’s 2008 HSAJ article, “Changing Homeland Security – What is Homeland Security?” on the development of Homeland Security as a field
    (Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School, 2021-08) Supinski, Stanley; Center for Homeland Defense and Security (CHDS)
  • Publication
    Application of Social Network Analysis Methods to Quantitatively Assess Exercise Coordination
    (Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School, 2011-12) Su, Yee San; Center for Homeland Defense and Security (CHDS)
    From the article's abstract: "Previous failures in effective, large-scale disaster response (e.g., Hurricane Katrina) are often traced to failures in effective coordination. As evidenced in after-action reports, however, assessments of coordination performance are still largely anecdotal in nature. Network analysis is a possible means to develop quantitative metrics for coordination assessment. In this paper, two techniques are proposed for characterizing coordination performance. First, Borgatti's technique for quantifying network fragmentation was used to measure the extent to which various response agencies play a role in establishing efficient communications. Second, Girvan and Newman's technique for community sub-group identification was used to identify potential breakdowns in information transfer. Both techniques were successfully implemented in a case-study analysis of the Top Officials 4 exercise. The techniques can provide additional insights into coordination performance, identifying exercise artificialities and allowing meta-analysis of coordination performance (e.g., over time, across regions, for different event scales)."
  • Publication
    Person Attribute Search For Large-Area Video Surveillance
    (Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School, 2012-05) Thornton, Jason; Butler, Daniel; Baran-Gale, Jeanette; Chan, Michael; Zwahlen, Heather; Center for Homeland Defense and Security (CHDS)
    "This paper describes novel video analytics technology which allows an operator to search through large volumes of surveillance video data to find persons that match a particular attribute profile. Since the proposed technique is geared for surveillance of large areas, this profile consists of attributes that are observable at a distance (including clothing information, hair color, gender, etc.) rather than identifying information at the face level. The purpose of this tool is to allow security staff or investigators to quickly locate a person-of-interest in real time (e.g., based on witness descriptions) or to speed up the process of video-based forensic investigations. The proposed algorithm consists of two main components: a technique for detecting individual moving persons in large and potentially crowded scenes and an algorithm for scoring how well each detection matches a given attribute profile based on a generative probabilistic model. The system described in this paper has been implemented as a proof-of-concept interactive software tool and has been applied to different test video datasets, including collections in an airport terminal and collections in an outdoor environment for law enforcement monitoring. This paper discusses performance statistics measured on these datasets, as well as key algorithmic challenges and useful extensions of this work based on end-user feedback."