Mine clearance industry: background, geography, funding, analysis and future projections
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Contrary to common belief, the problems caused by landmines or other counter mobility devices have been threatening the lives of human beings for thousands of years. However, the actual efforts to remove the buried mines are a comparatively new issue. The mine clearance industry has been growing steadily, mostly because of increasing demand from the mine-afflicted countries, NGOs, international organizations and the wealthy donor countries having financial resources to attract the growing industry. The imbalance between the supply and the demand, and the financial constraints of mine-afflicted countries, NGOs, and international organizations make the efforts much more difficult to deal with. Due to these challenges faced by the stakeholders, a thorough review of the current system and prevalent shortfalls needs to be addressed. This study tries to cover the background of the problem, geography of the mine contamination, funding mechanisms, dynamics of the organizations dealing with the problem, efforts to achieve a mine-free world and recommendations for solution of the problem in the future. The mine clearance industry has also been thoroughly analyzed by using Porter's Five Forces Analysis, considering the governments of mine-afflicted countries, NGOs, International organizations, commercial clearance firms, and the donor countries having financial resources.
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