Security culture in times of war: how did the Balkan War affect the security cultures in Germany and the United States?
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This thesis uses a comparative case study approach to examine how security cultures change under the impact of political shocks and learning through failure. The thesis thus analyzes the security cultures of Germany and the United States as they evolve under the impact of the war in Bosnia-Herzegovina from 1992 to 1995. The thesis thereby also enhances our understanding of German and U.S. foreign policies. Using paired observations for controlled comparison, the thesis employs process tracing to examine the nature and quantity of change. The case studies demonstrate that security cultures influence the assessment of political situations, restrain policy objectives, and condition the range of issues to which political attention is devoted. Both cases reveal that security cultures affect the evaluation of policy options and the choices that are made. The thesis argues that different transformations of German and U.S. security cultures led to divergent political behavior particularly with regard to the use of force, resulting in more forceful and effective interventions in Bosnia and a reframing of future interventions in third-party conflicts. Domestic reactions to the Bosnian war transformed the security culture in Germany, whereas reactions in the U.S. triggered a re-ranking of cultural preferences. Understanding how security cultures change and evolve through exogenous and endogenous factors improves the chances of policy success in today's challenging international environment.
RightsThis publication is a work of the U.S. Government as defined in Title 17, United States Code, Section 101. As such, it is in the public domain, and under the provisions of Title 17, United States Code, Section 105, is not copyrighted in the U.S.
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Security culture in times of war how did the Balkan War affect the security cultures in Germany and the United States? Reimers, Frank (Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School, 2007-06);This thesis uses a comparative case study approach to examine how security cultures change under the impact of political shocks and learning through failure. The thesis thus analyzes the security cultures of Germany and ...
Steinhoff, Dirk. (Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School, 2011-06);Since 1990, Germany has changed its role from a passive beneficiary of collective defense to a "co-producer" of security in international affairs. At the same time, however, Germany has been reluctant to transform its ...
GERMAN AND ITALIAN AVERSION TO WAR: BACKGROUND, CONTEMPORARY ISSUES, AND SECURITY IMPLICATIONS FOR ALLIES Loomis, Nathan (Monterey, CA; Naval Postgraduate School, 2018-06);The populations of Germany and Italy are largely pacifist, but while many Germans are also anti-military, many Italians are not. Attitudes towards war and military forces were shaped in both states by their experiences ...