Exploitation of free markets and globalization to finance terrorists
Pena-Guzman, Claudia P.
San Miguel, Joseph G.
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The international community has taken measures to monitor financial networks through anti-money laundering acts, which since 9/11 have expanded to cover terrorist financing. However, the strides made to date in some parts of the world have been limited and gaps still exist that terrorist organizations can infiltrate to thwart the international community's efforts. The purpose of this study is to investigate and provide an overview of current international counter-terrorist financing efforts and focus on how terrorists exploit them. This project was conducted as a study of three cases looking at globalization and free markets. Colombia is the primary case, while Peru and Great Britain are secondary cases. The goal of this project was to identify and document the trends in these countries in terms of existing exploitable vulnerabilities. Specifically in Colombia, the study focuses on the FARC, ELN and AUC, and how the Colombian government and financial institutions have responded. In Peru, the focus of the examination is Sendero Luminoso, and in Great Britain, it is the Irish Republican Army in Northern Ireland.
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