Experimental studies of two-way single element time reversal in a noisy waveguide
Stokely, John P.
Larraza, Andres|Mitchell N. Shipley
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As the United States Navy considers operation closer to shore, it must account for the impact of shallow water ocean environments on the performance of active sonar. Multi-path propagation and high ambient noise in these areas pose a unique detection challenge for current sonar systems. A possible solution for this problem involves the use of processing that is actually enhanced by multi-path propagation, and can perform in the presence of in-band noise. Time-Reverse Acoustics (TRA) has been used with many transducer elements to focus acoustic energy in a very small region. Used as a single element active sonar, it can focus the return of an active pulse at the receiver location. To test the performance of a TRA-based sonar in the presence of noise, ultrasonic signals were used in a laboratory waveguide, so that the scale of wavelength to water depth approximates a shallow channel with a flat, lossy bottom. Several sequences of a traditional sinusoidal pulse and the time- reversed reception were performed with varying noise levels. The gain in detection signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) was on average +7.3+0.8dB using TRA. Further, the TRA processing provided a noticeable detection when noise had completely obscured the reception of the initial pulse.
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