State Security Policy and Proxy Wars in Africa Ultima Ratio Regum 1 : Remix or Redux?; Strategic Insights, v. 9, issue 1 (Spring-Summer 2010) ; pp. 30-64.
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In this article, I am concerned with wartime alliances between states and armed nonstate actors, particularly in Africa. Heterogeneous military partnerships of this kind occur throughout the historical record. Louis XIV of France, whose aphorism about war and the state provides the title of this article, was an enthusiastic user of his enemies’ enemies; but so was Medieval England with its Viking honor guard of ‘Thingmen’, and so are the U.S. armed forces, whose Tribal Engagement Strategy in Afghanistan involves harnessing sub-state tribal actors to state-level reconstruction and security goals.
This article appeared in Strategic Insights, v.9, issue 1 (Spring-Summer 2010) ; pp. 30-64.