Drag of spheres in dilute aqueous solutions of poly(ethylene oxide) within the region of the critical Reynolds number
Chenard, John Henry
Sanders, James N.
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The drag reducing effect of poly (ethylene oxide) additives on blunt bodies in water was investigated by examining the behvaior of a sphere in both subcritical and supercritical Reynolds number regions. Drop tests were conducted in water and in concentrations of poly(ethylene oxide) WSR 301 ranging in concentration from 50 wppm to 1000 wppm. Reduction in drag was noted for all concentrations in the Reynolds number range of 4 x 104 to s.5 x 105. A critical Reynolds number of 4.5 x 105 was observed for dilute solutions (50 and 100 wppm), while more concentrated solutions exhibited a uniformly decreasing drag. These results are explained by examining the interaction of profile and friction drag, together with the effects of polymer additives upon wake diameter size.
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