Guidance for commanders in establishing chemical-biological defensive policies
Henry, John Frank
Poock, Gary K.
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Soldiers wearing chemical-biological (CB) protective uniforms experience heat stress and may become heat casualties. Current defensive doctrine suggests that commanders may reduce the risk of heat casualties by rotating their troops through varying degrees of protection. Since unprotected troops will become CB casualties if an attack occurs, the commander must trade risk of heat casualties for risk of CB casualties. The effects of temperature and work rate on the buildup of heat in protected soldiers are examined. The problem facing the commander is formulated as a queueing theory problem and a computer simulation used to obtain a solution. Graphs show the percent of unprotected personnel within a unit necessary to prevent heat casualties for a range of temperatures and unit work rates.
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