An investigation of bottom changes in Monterey harbor (1932-1969).
Lennox, Richard John
Thompson, Warren C.
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Bottom changes occurring in Monterey Harbor from 1932-1969 were analyzed by numerical computer methods using 15 selected hydrographic surveys. Results of the study indicate that the major portion of the harbor has been shoaling in the mean since 1932. The long-term shoaling rate has been 0.4 to 4.0 feet per decade in the beach and nearshore zones and along the breakwater; and less than 0.25 feet per decade in the stable outer harbor. The accretion rate averaged 17,500 cubic yards per year from 1932-1969 but only 7,100 cubic yards per year from 1947 to 1969. The shoaling is believed due to the construction of the Coast Guard Breakwater in 1931-1934. It is deduced that prior to 1960 the excess sand was carried into the harbor by littoral transport from Del Monte Beach and by wave currents around the breakwater. Construction of the solid wall on Wharf 2 in 1960 cut off the former sand supply. Local redistribution of sand in the beach and nearshore zones of the harbor is large and results in areas of significant accretion and erosion between surveys. Dredging operations have had only short-term effectiveness because the spoil has been retained within the harbor.
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