A method for three-dimensional flow analysis in a rotor using a high speed digital computer
Felt, Donald L.
Vavra, M. H.
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Theoretical analyses of flow with rotating passages of turbi0machinery have become necessary for the proper design of turbo-pump elements in liquid fuel boosters and power conversion units. One such theory is presented, and a numerical solution derived. this theory develops a method for the analysis of steady, inviscid, adiabatic flow through arbitrary rotors. A detailed analysis in a meridional plane is given, assuming axial symmetry. A simplified approach to the blade to blade solution is also presented. The merits of these theories are compared with other proposed methods. The inverse, or design, approach is considered, and found to be unnecessary. A numerical solution for incompressible flow is derived and applied to the flow solution in the impeller of a mixed flow compressor with backwards-bent blades of arbitrary shape. Meridional streamlines and relative vorticity distributioins are progressively calculated on a CDC 1604 computer, using FORTRAN program language. Data are measured from a detailed presentation of the blade shape in a meridional plane. Blade to blade relative velocity distributions are calculated from the meridional plane analysis. It is concluded that the results completely define the flow and are sufficiently accurate for engineering applications. Validation is based upon the reliability of the theory, and upon comparisons with results of other methods. Extensions of the scope of this approach are recommended, which include the compressible solution and the solution of flows in unbladed passages.
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