Numerical forecasting of clear air turbulence
Ettel, Michael Joseph
Morgan, William Allen
van der Bijl, Willem
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There is much disagreement as to (a) what causes clear air turbulence (turbulence which is not in or near convective clouds and is above 15,000 feet in altitude) and (b) which meteorological parameters can be used to detect and forecast its occurrence. The approach to this problem has been to relate not one parameter to clear air turbulence but various parameters. By summing these parameters areas can be defined where there is a high probability of encountering clear air turbulence. Each parameter has been based on a statistical study which found a relationship with clear air turbulence. The parameters used were horizontal and vertical shear, curvature, kinetic energy and their derivatives. The numerical forecasting program proposed here can be extended to the stratosphere when more reliable height and temperature fields are available. This program will have much more significance when intermediate forecast height fields, temperature fields and a grid of much smaller mesh length are available.
RightsThis publication is a work of the U.S. Government as defined in Title 17, United States Code, Section 101. Copyright protection is not available for this work in the United States.
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