U.S. policy and Russian interests in the transcaucasus since 1991
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This thesis examines United States policy towards the Transcaucasus countries-Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia-since they gained their independence in 1991 and evaluates the implications of United States policy for the future stability of the region. The thesis assesses the security interests of Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia, and evaluates the interests and policies of Russia and the United States in the region The thesis concludes that the prospects for the countries of the region will depend mainly on three factors: their own domestic stability and political leadership, Russia's policies, and Western policies. Since the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, United States policy in the Transcaucasus has been ineffective in promoting the independence and prosperity of the Transcaucasus countries. For various reasons, including the emphasis placed on ties with Russia, the United States has been unwilling to pursue an assertive policy towards the region. The thesis recommends a United States policy that would promote compliance with Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe principles regarding the newly independent states and particularly Russia. This would help the region's countries build their own security structures, and would promote constructive regional cooperation.
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