Assessing the effectiveness of the battlefield combat identification system
Grabski, Mark V.
Buss, Arnold H.
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The Battlefield Combat Identification System (BCIS) was developed at the direction of the Joint Chiefs of Staff following the Gulf War to address the problem of direct fire fratricide. The system is designed to improve target identification and increase situational awareness for ground combat forces. The purpose of this thesis is to determine whether BCIS improves combat effectiveness. Additionally, this thesis provides a simulation tool that is utilized to assess the effectiveness of BCIS variants. The experiment involves a simulation executed in Simkit simulating an M1A1 tank company performing two doctrinal missions (defense and movement to contact) under three different cases: without BCIS, with BCIS equipped for target identification only, and with BCIS equipped with a digital data link. The measures of performance are the loss exchange ratio as a measure of lethality and the fratricide ratio as a measure of fratricide incidents. Results of the analysis indicate that BCIS does improve combat effectiveness. Specifically, BCIS increases lethality and reduces fratricide over non BCIS equipped units. BCIS equipped with a digital data link did not provide an increase over baseline BCIS.
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