An analysis of the effect of quantitative and qualitative admissions factors in determining student performance at the U.S. Naval Academy
Phillips, Barton L.
Mehay, Stephen L.
Bowman, William R.
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This thesis analyzes the effect of quantitative and qualitative factors used in the admissions process at the Naval Academy in determining student performance of candidates admitted. In determining student performance, graduation, Order of Merit, cumulative academic QPR, cumulative military QPR, and striper selection are used as performance outcome measures. The data is from Naval Academy graduation year groups 1995 through 2001. The analysis separates the Naval Academy's Whole Person Multiple into quantitative and qualitative inputs. The Candidate Multiple (CM) is the quantitative input to the admissions process derived from a statistical based scoring model anchored in proven high school performance measures such as SAT and high school GPA. The Recommendations of the Admissions Board (RAB) is the qualitative input awarding points for subjective traits not captured in the CM or from various other subjective measures such as student interviews and essays. This research highlights the properties of the two admissions factors and the estimated impact on student performance. The results show student performance increased as CM and RAB increased, revealing the importance of a combined quantitative and qualitative admissions process and emphasizing the qualitative input as the value added to the admissions process providing the increased predictability of student success.
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