A preliminary analysis of the 1999 USMC web-based exit survey
Hocevar, Susan Page
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In 1999, data were gathered from 2537 enlisted members of the United States Marine Corps (USMC) who were in the process of ending active duty service. The purpose of the web-based Exit Survey was to assess the factors contributing to the decision to leave active duty service. Items included in the survey represented such factors as: pay and benefits, job characteristics, career issues, family and personal life, leadership, culture, standards, unit morale, personal freedom, and optempo. Overall findings are reported for the total sample, as well as specific subgroup comparisons of interest (e.g. those with hi-tech skills; "careerists"vs. first termers; married vs. single; ethnic minorities; women). Findings show that, overall, three factors were most influential in respondents' decision to leave: civilian career opportunities, pay, and limitations on personal freedom. Additional factors given high ratings include: unit morale, time away from home and family, limited opportunities in primary MOS, promotion fairness, and changes in the way the Marine Corps is being utilized. This report also includes data on the factors respondents reported were "hardest to give up" in making this decision. Specific subgroup findings are presented as well as implications improving retention.
NPS Report NumberNPS-SM-00-008
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