Information transfer in 2-, 3-, and 4-word verbal discrimination learning with two stimulus presentation rates
Baltutis, John Stanley
Arima, James K.
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Sixty Naval Postgraduate School students served in a verbal discrimination (VD) experiment with 2-, 3-,and 4-word items at presentation rates of 1/2 or 1/4 bits of information per second. Half the items had similar and half, dissimilar words. Based on information theory, lists of different lengths were prepared for 2-, 2- and 4-word lists. The lists were equated for overall load at 20 bits of information. Performance was consistent with the equal-load hypothesis and a differential of two was observed because of the rate factor. Analysis of percent correct responses revealed a significance for the item length main effect which was at variance with the null hypothesis of no difference borne out by the informational analysis.
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