Acoustic cymbal transducers-design, hydrostatic pressure compensation, and acoustic performance
Jenne, Kirk E.
Howarth, Thomas R.
Hofler, Thomas J.
MetadataShow full item record
Continuing U.S. Navy interest in the development of light-weight, low-volume, broadband, underwater acoustic projectors and receivers is the principal motivation for this research topic. Acoustic cymbal transducers, so named for their geometric similarity to the percussion instruments, are miniature "class V" flextensional transducers that consist of a piezoelectric ceramic drive element bonded to two opposing cymbal-shaped metal shells. Operating as mechanical transformers, the two metal shells convert the naturally large generative force of a piezoelectric ceramic in the radial mode into increased volume displacement at the metal shell surface to obtain usable source levels and sensitivities in a broad frequency range. The magnified displacement makes the acoustic cymbal element a potential alternative to acoustic transduction technologies presently used to generate and receive Navy sonar frequencies. Potential benefits to utilizing this technology are generating or receiving broadband sound, at sonar frequencies in a thin, low volume, conformable package. Applications of this technology have been limited because air-backed acoustic cymbal elements undergo degradation in performance when exposed to elevated hydrostatic pressure (i.e., deep ocean and extreme littoral water applications). This research shows that consistent and reliable acoustic performance can be achieved with cymbal-based transducers at hydrostatic pressures of interest to the Navy.
Approved for public release, distribution is unlimited
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Reeder, D.B. (2014);Investigations of near-shore and in-shore environments have, rightly, focused on geological, thermodynamic and hydrodynamic parameters. A complementary acoustical characterization of the estuarine environment provides ...
Simulation of the acoustic pulse expected from the interaction of ultra-high energy neutrinos and seawater Gruell, Michael S. (Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School, 2006-03);The purpose of this thesis was to design, build, and test a device capable of simulating the acoustic pulse expected from the interaction between an Ultra-High Energy (UHE) neutrino and seawater. When a neutrino interacts ...
Field observation of low-to-mid-frequency acoustic propagation characteristics of an estuarine salt wedge Reeder, D. Benjamin (2016-01-04);The estuarine environment often hosts a salt wedge, the stratification of which is a function of the tide’s range and speed of advance, river discharge volumetric flow rate, and river mouth morphology. Competing effects ...