Birth order and achievement: a study of the effects of family constellation and related variables on the achievement of officer students at the Naval Postgraduate School
Dooley, William James
Murphy, Timothy Aloysius
Senger, John D.
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The findings suggest that there may be no significant difference between the achievement of first-, only-, and last-born children. While middle-born children appeared to do less well in academic achievement, their occupational achievement did not differ significantly from the other birth-order groups. The findings further suggest that sibling-identification may affect the occupational achievement of last-born offspring, while parental activity appears to influence the academic and occupational achievement of first- and only-born children. Last-born offspring appear to do better in occupations predominated by co-workers of the same sex as their next-older sib. For the last-born in an occupation predominated by co-workers of the opposite sex of his next-older sib, occupation achievement correlated positively with an increase in age space between the last-born and his next older sib.
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