Brotherhood-in-arms East German foreign policy in Africa: Kalashnikoffs, not Coca Cola, bring self-determination to Angola Volksarmee, 1978
Butler, Shannon R.
Clough, Michael W.
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During the decade of the 1970 's, the German Democratic Republic (GDR) became a major Communist bloc actor on the African continent. While neither as visible nor as numerous as Soviet and Cuban personnel, East German activity in Africa has steadily increased. Yet, Western analysts have been slow to recognize, or acknowledge, the expanding East German presence in Africa.
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