Hydraulic ram effect on composite fuel entry walls.
Duva, Alfred Nicholas
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Catastrophic failure of a partially filled aircraft fuel cell due to impact and penetration by a high speed projectile often occurs due to a phenomenon known as hydraulic ram. The structural response of the fuel tank walls to hydraulic ram should be of vital concern to the designers of aircraft fuel cells. Considerable research has been conducted to determine the effects of hydraulic ram on metallic fuel cells, but very little attention has been given to fuel cells' made with the new advanced composite materials. The purpose of this research is to examine the various effects of hydraulic ram on a graph ite/epoxy wall when subjected to penetration by a .222 caliber projectile. Eight hydraulic ram tests are made on a clamped 11-inch square plate 0.06? inches thick at projectile velocities between 2600 and 2800 fps . The engineering properties of the laminate are determined both analytically and experimentally. The low velocity shots caused only slight damage to the plate. At the higher velocities, the hydraulic ram caused considerable damage, including total severance of the plate from its clamped support over much of the outer perimeter. The results of this research illustrate the importance of the method of attachment of the com.posite wall at its boundaries.
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Research on the damage to aircraft composite material fuel tanks due to penetrating projectiles (hydraulic ram) at the naval postgraduate school Ball, R.E. (1976);Metal aircraft fuel tanks that are subjected to ballistic impact and penetration by small arms fire and missile fragments can be severly damaged, with large petalling of the tank walls occurring at the entrance and exit ...
Holm, Dwight Patrick. (Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School, 1973-09);Hydraulic ram is the dynamic loading of fuel tanks when impacted by bullets or other projectiles During impact and penetration of the fuel cell, intense pressure waves are generated by the projectile. A ballistic range ...
Bates, Kenneth Scott (Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School, 1973-06);Hydraulic ram is the physical production of pressure wave wall loadings due to projectile penetration and their effect on a fuel cell. Facilities were designed and testing conducted in preparation for investigation of ...