Utilization of women in the Navy : a study of historic and current employment practices.
Greene, Joseph Michael, Jr.
Elster, Richard S.
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With the advent of the All-Volunteer Force, utilization of women in the Navy has significantly increased. Women may well become even more valuable manpower assets given projected shortages in recrui table males, more equitable management policies, and changing societal attitudes. A review of past Navy employment practices for females, discussion of current utilization, and considerations are made. Female petty officers retention problems and the reluctance of females to enter the more traditional male Navy ratings are causes for concern. The "combat" assignment issue is analyzed. This writer concludes that more selective female recruiting practices, a long term evaluation of the Women in Ships program, and a study of low female enlisted retention rates are needed. Studies of womens capability to satisfactorily integrate into combat environments are also essential. Only after these steps are accomplished can Navy planners accurately assess the effectiveness of females and possible limits on their utilization in the Navy.
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