Turkey and the European Union (EU) Kemalism's effects on the road to the EU
MetadataShow full item record
The thesis evaluates the importance of the Kemalist movement to the Republic of Turkey both during its earlytwentieth-century establishment and today, as Turkey pursues its overall goal, modernization, and its more specific goal, membership in the European Union. The thesis assesses Kemalism's original effect on the state-building process before and after the War of Independence; its continuing effect on Turkey's modernization process; and its potential to effect Turkey's acceptance into the European Union. The thesis argues that the Kemalist social and political ideology is still the best choice for Turkey and thus must be revitalized. Despite the many intervening powers interested in the Ottoman territories after the collapse of the Ottoman Empire, Turkey, the so-called "sick man of Europe," emerged as a newly established republic. Led by Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, Turkey adopted Western norms to create a new society and nation-state. Kemalism, an essentially continuous, systematic process of national renovation, modernization, and renewal, has one overriding goal: to raise Turkish society, politics, education, and institutions to the level of Western civilizations. To accomplish this, Turkey's nongovernment organizations must act, in keeping with Kemalism, to turn the country into "one big school." The military, as designated by the constitution, is the "protector" of Kemalism and has the power, under certain conditions, to intervene in the political arena. In Kemalism, the dominant religion, Islam, is a private matter, a matter of one's "conscience." The thesis concludes that a resurrection of purist Kemalist teaching is the best way to help Turkey exploit its stretegic position as a "bridge between the West and the East, between Europe and the East" to gain full membership in the E.U. and achieve its national goals.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Pehlivan, Abdi (Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School, 2008-12);Relations between Turkey and European integration institutions began with Turkey's application for associate membership in the European Economic Community (EEC) in 1959. Turkey applied for full membership in the EEC in ...
Scheer, Aaron M. (Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School, 2009-03);Turkey's relationships with the West, particularly its relationship with Western security institutions, are today more important than ever. As the United States fights two wars in the region and attempts to rebuild its ...
Peteinarakis, Emmanouil (Monterey California. Naval Postgraduate School, 2007-06);This thesis applies the principles of Immanuel Kant's Perpetual Peace to a study of the historical relations between Greece and Turkey. According to Kant, three principal elements - democracy; economic interdependence; ...