France, West Germany, and the security of the Persian Gulf
Leonard, David L.
Yost, David S.
Laurance, Edward J.
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The series of events which begin with the Arab oil embargo in 1973 and recently culminated in the Iranian Revolution, the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, and the Iran-Irag Conflict have under-scored the vulnerability of Western oil supplies from the Persian Gulf region. This research analyzes the potential role of France and West Germany as U.S. allies inrelati to the problem of ensuring the security of the Persian Gulf while maintaining the credibility of deterrance in Europe. Included in this analysis are assessment of French and West German dependence on Persian Gulf oil supplies and an evaluation of each country's capability and intention to contribute to the security of the region. The conclusion reached is that neither country in the near-term has a viable alternative to political and military efforts in this area, but the policy of France conforms more to American policy than that of the traditionally staunch supporter of U.S. policies, West Germany.
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