Fourier analysis of broadband, low-level signals using switched inputs.
Howarth, Gary L.
Myers, Glen A.
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A new technique for estimation of the spectrum of an unknown signal is investigated. The technique combines a radiometric method of signal detection (modulating the receiver noise with the assumed signal by alternately connecting and disconnecting the input transducer) with a Fast Fourier Transform processor for spectral analysis. After obtaining averaged spectral estimates with the transducer (antenna) connected and disconnected the difference is formed and statistical analyses applied to determine statistically significant terms. The significant components comprise the estimate of the spectrum of the signal. Analytical results are derived for sinusoidal signals and uncorrelated, Gaussian noise. Experimental results for both narrow and wideband signals and additive Gaussian noise are presented. Reasonable spectral estimates of a wideband signal are obtained with 16 averages when the composite signal-to-noise ratio is 0 dB.
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