Development of a weather radar signal simulator to examine sampling rates and scanning schemes
Schroder, Ulf P.
Knorr, Jeffrey B.
Pace, Phillip E.
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A weather radar signal simulator that produces an output consisting of a vector of I and Q values representing the radar return permits investigation of the performance of different estimators for the weather signal parameters and their sensitivity when varying radar parameters and precipitation models. Although several empirical statistical models are available to describe precipitation behavior, the creation of a physical model enables adaptation to actual data (e.g. rain rate, wind shears) thereby making it possible to apply and examine different scanning schemes, especially rapid scanning schemes. A physical model allows gradual improvements to realism to study the effects on the radar return for different phenomena. A Weather Radar Signal Simulator has been developed in MATLAB. Several different functionalities have been implemented allowing for stepped frequency, multiple PRFs, pulse compression using a chirp, and variation of both weather and radar input parameters. Post processing capabilities include autocorrelation and FFT (for single PRF only); estimation of weather parameters such as reflectivity factor, Z; average doppler, radial velocity, and velocity spread; pedagogical plots including a Phasor plot of phase change over time and a velocity histogram, instantaneous observed reflectivity and power for each pulse over time.
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