Two-dimensional heat conduction in metal, fluid composites
Gomori, Michael Andrew
Kraus, Allen D.
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Filmwise condensation of steam on externally-finned tubes is a very complex process. Recent experiments have shown that enhancement ratios (ratio of steam-side heat-transfer coefficient to that of a smooth tube having the same diameter) exceeded the area enhancement produced by the fins. Moreover, the enhancement ratios for fully flooded tubes exceeded the values predicted by a simple, one-dimensional conduction model by a factor of 2 to 4. A new two-dimensional conduction model was developed, which showed that the one-dimensional model overpredicted the two-dimensional results for high conductivity tube-metals such as copper by as much as 13%. The two-dimensional model also showed that variations in fin thickness or spacing can result in an overprediction by the one-dimensional model of the two-dimensional results by as much as twenty-two percent.
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