Publication:
Two-dimensional heat conduction in metal, fluid composites

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Authors
Gomori, Michael Andrew
Subjects
Steam
Condensation
Filmwise
Tube
External film
Heat transfer coefficient
Enhancement
Two dimensional
Numerical
Advisors
Kraus, Allen D.
Wanniarachchi, A.S.
Date of Issue
1985-12
Date
December 1985
Publisher
Language
en_US
Abstract
Filmwise condensation of steam on externally-finned tubes is a very complex process. Recent experiments have shown that enhancement ratios (ratio of steam-side heat-transfer coefficient to that of a smooth tube having the same diameter) exceeded the area enhancement produced by the fins. Moreover, the enhancement ratios for fully flooded tubes exceeded the values predicted by a simple, one-dimensional conduction model by a factor of 2 to 4. A new two-dimensional conduction model was developed, which showed that the one-dimensional model overpredicted the two-dimensional results for high conductivity tube-metals such as copper by as much as 13%. The two-dimensional model also showed that variations in fin thickness or spacing can result in an overprediction by the one-dimensional model of the two-dimensional results by as much as twenty-two percent.
Type
Thesis
Description
Series/Report No
Department
Mechanical Engineering
Other Units
Naval Postgraduate School (U.S.)
Identifiers
NPS Report Number
Sponsors
Funder
Format
88 p.
Citation
Distribution Statement
Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
Rights
This publication is a work of the U.S. Government as defined in Title 17, United States Code, Section 101. Copyright protection is not available for this work in the United States.
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