The social welfare losses of conscription: an evaluation for the 1980s.
Crouch, Michael S.
Henderson, David R.
MetadataShow full item record
This thesis estimates the social welfare losses that would result from a hypothetical draft in the United States in the 1980s. A previously developed mathematical model is used to estimate: (1) expenditures on draft avoidance, (2) the excess economic cost which results when a degree of randomness is introduced into the selection process, and (3) the conscription tax - the tax imposed on individuals who either reluctantly volunteer to serve or are inducted into the military. These first two estimates represent social welfare losses. The conscription tax is estimated in order to evaluate the relative efficiency of conscription as a means of taxation. My finding was that when conscription is used to procure military manpower, the social welfare losses that result are significant (SI billion to S5 billion). I also found conscription to be a very inefficient form of taxation.
Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Domazos, Efthymios (Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School, 2008-12);As societies of the developed part of the world evolved, new trends of military staffing have been coming up. The basic trend that used to exist globally till the end of WW-II was the conscription system, through which ...
Suspended draft: effects on the composition and quality of the military workforce in the German Armed Forces Koenigsmark, Stefan (Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School, 2016-06);In 2011, the German Armed Forces became an All-Volunteer Force for the first time since 1955. Less than one year after first proposed, the end to mandatory conscription became official, giving insufficient time to consider ...
Kwok, Daniel J. (Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School, 2014-03);Conscription is a centuries-old manpower procurement policy that continues to be used by many countries today; however, in the last few decades, the trend is for developed countries to transition toward all-volunteer forces. ...