Investigation and development of oil-injection nozzles for high-cycle fatigue rotor spin test
Moreno, Oscar Ray
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Resonant excitation tests of rotor blades in vacuum spin pits using discrete oil jets showed that impact erosion of the blades could limit test times, but lower excitation amplitudes were produced using mist nozzles. Smaller diameter discrete jets might extend test times, but to fully prevent erosion, oil mist droplet size needed to be 30 microns or less. The present study examined both approaches. Prototype nozzles were developed to create 0.005 inch diameter multiple discrete jets using first alumina, then stainless steel tubing, laser and micro-machine drilling. The latter technique was selected and 50 were manufactured for evaluation in HCF spin tests. A vacuum test chamber was built to observe and photograph spray patterns from the prototype nozzles and from commercially available mist nozzles. An LDV system was used successfully to determine the velocity of the oil droplets within the mist. A complete mapping of mist nozzle sprays is required to allow routine design of blade excitation systems.
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