Flow visualization of time-varying structural characteristics of Dean vortices in a curved channel
Bella, David Wayne
Ligrani, Phillip M.
Subramanian, Chelakara S.
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The time varying development and structure of Dean vortices were studies using flow visualization. Observations were made over a range of Dean numbers from 40 to 200 using a transparent channel with mild curvature, 40:1 aspect ratio, and an inner to outer radius ratio of 0.979. Seven flow visualization techniques were tried but only one, a wood burning smoke generator, produced usable results. Different vortex characteristics were observed and documented in sequences of photographs space one quarter of a second apart at locations ranging from 85 to 135 degrees from the start of curvature. Evidence is presented that supports the twisting/rocking nature of the flow.