Numerical ocean prediction in the California coastal region using a high-resolution primitive equation model
Johnson, Clifford D.
Batteen, Mary L.
Haney, Robert L.
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A high resolution, multi-level, primitive equation (PE) model of the California coastal region is initialized with a temperature field analyzed from real data collected during the OPTOMA 11 cruises of June and July, 1984, for the purpose of forecasting the movement of thermal features in the region. The results are compared to the observations and to the forecast experiments of Rienecker et al. (1987), since they initialized their quasi-geostrophic (QG) model with the same OPTOMA 11 temperature data. Key prediction features include an anticyclone and cyclone pair, and an offshore "jet" that was formed between the pair with velocities on the order of 60 cm/ sec in the upper ocean region (<225m). The temperature front associated with this "jet" is traced at the 85m level, in a time series from day 0 to day 14, as is the perturbation pressure field. Translational velocities of this frontal feature are on the order of 5-10 cm/sec in a southward direction, which is consistent with those observed. Some quantitative differences between the PE model prediction and the QG model are found. Based on these results, it is feasible that frontal movement in the California coastal region can be fore cast by a multi-level, high resolution PE model, given synoptic data for initialization. However, many more studies are needed to understand the dynamics and robustness of the present model predictions.
Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited
NPS Report NumberNPS 68-88-007
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