Variable resolution direction finding using the robust symmetrical number system
Lee, Anthony Kok Long
Pace, Phillip E.
Jenn, David C.
Walters, Donald L.
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A digital implementation of a phase sampling interferometer antenna system based on the Robust Symmetrical Number System (RSNS) is built using commercial-off-the-shelf (COTS) items. The RSNS-based direction finding (DF) system uses short baselines to achieve a high resolution DF capability in a physically compact system for use as stand-in sensors on unmanned aerial vehicles. The RSNS inherent integer Gray code property minimizes the possible encoding errors and adds a robustness to the accuracy of the estimated Angle of Arrival (AOA). A digital architecture using quadrature demodulators and real-time controllers provide grreater flexibility for signal processing and allows for the implementation of a new virtual spacing algorithm. The virtual spacing concept changes the RSNS moduli values to implement a virtual antenna spacing without having to physically change the antenna element spacing. This enables higher resolution DF in circumstances where the Signal-to-Noise Ratio is high enough to provide error free coding of the AOA. Two four element, digital 3-channel interferometer prototype systems were constructed and tested in the NPS anechoic chamber. The first antenna array is designed using pairwise relatively prime (PRP) moduli. When an extension of the virtual spacing concept for application to N-channel systems was successfully resolved, a second 3-channel array was built using non-PRP moduli for evaluating the performance of the virtual spacing concept. The simulated and experimental results, hardware implementation and testing procedures are presented in this thesis. Results for the first array show that the RSNS-based DF system is able to provide 0.7 degree RMS resolution with a baseline of 66 cm. For the second virtual spacing array, the short physical baseline of 14 cm was sensitive to noise and antenna spacing errors.
RightsThis publication is a work of the U.S. Government as defined in Title 17, United States Code, Section 101. Copyright protection is not available for this work in the United States.
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Chen, Jui-Chun (Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School, 2004-12);In this thesis, a performance analysis and improvement of a phase sampling interferometer antenna system based on the Robust Symmetrical Number System (RSNS) in the presence of noise is investigated. Previous works have ...
Kwai, Kevin Kiah Wen (Monterey California. Naval Postgraduate School, 2007-12);The design and performance analysis of a three-channel Robust Symmetrical Number System (RSNS) virtual spacing direction finding (DF) system was carried out in this thesis. The design was based on hardware used in the ...
Benveniste, Jessica A. (Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School, 2009-03);This thesis carried out the design and development of a single channel Robust Symmetrical Number System (RSNS) virtual spacing direction finding (DF) system. This was based on previous work on a three-channel RSNS virtual ...