All Needs Approach to Emergency Response
Donahue, Donald A.
Cunnion, Stephen O.
Balaban, Carey D.
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"For decades, emergency planners have operated either under an approach termed '''all hazards,'۪ focusing on the commonalities of catastrophes, or under scenario-specific planning rubrics that aligned actions with the particular cause of the disaster. While each method has its strengths and advocates, both have demonstrated shortcomings in execution and generated pervasive dissatisfaction among served communities. The authors contend this discontent derives from a failure to address the perceived needs within the impacted populations. Drawing upon classic theories of rationality and motivation, a new paradigm of '''all needs'۪ planning is proposed. This approach offers an effective planning matrix that is both flexible and robust in assessing the myriad needs of a disaster-stricken populace."
This article appeared in Homeland Security Affairs (February 2012), v.8, article 1