Maritime Threat Assessment of Sea Based Criminal Organizations and Terrorist Operations
Lichtenwald, Terrance G.
Steinhour, Mara, H.
Perri, Frank S.
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"This article reviews the United States Department of Defense, law enforcement, and intelligence agencies' use of the Maritime Strategic Doctrine and the Drug Trafficking Vessel Interdiction Act to combat drug smuggling vessels and boats during counter-drug smuggling operations. Threat analysis, using strategic warning indicators, is proposed and employed to analyze a range of factors: coalitions between drug trafficking and terrorist organizations, self-propelled semi-submersible vessels, low-profile vessels, robotically controlled and human-piloted submarines, and recruitment of captains and crews with the ability to pilot these vessels and boats. Drug trafficking organizations and terrorist groups' inter-technology transfer of sea-based smuggling and terror tactics are analyzed. Circumstances under which strategic warning indicators may necessitate policy changes to the Maritime Strategic Doctrine are described."
This article appeared in Homeland Security Affairs (August 2012), v.8, article 13
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