Design of a premixed gaseous rocket engine injector for ethylene and oxygen
Dausen, David F.
Brophy, Christopher M.
Sinibaldi, Jose O.
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A premixed gaseous rocket injector was designed and successfully operated over a limited range of fuel-rich operating conditions for the purpose of soot modeling for ethylene and oxygen mixtures. The injector had the advantage of delivering a homogenous mixture to the combustion chamber, lower soot production, and higher performance potential by removing the fuel atomization process which affects the combustion process and is inherent for non-premixed injectors. The premixed injector was operated at oxygen-fuel ratios from 1.0 to 1.8 with a mass flow of 0.024 kg/sec achieving a chamber pressure of 76 psi without propensity of flashback for 0.032[gamma] injector orifices. Increased mass flow rates of 0.027 kg/sec were achieved by increasing the injector orifice diameters to 0.0625[gamma] which produced a chamber pressure of 127 psi and a characteristic exhaust velocity efficiency of 90.1 %. Flashback was eventually observed at an oxygen-to-fuel ratio of 1.2 where the pressure drop was across the injector was less than 388.6 kPa and the bulk mixture velocity through the injector orifices was approximately 90 m/s. Maintaining bulk velocity sufficiently above this value should prevent flashback from occurring, but will likely need to be characterized for additional orifice diameters and pressure differentials.
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